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Review Questions for Episodes

Concept Questions – All Episodes

  • How does this organism feed? Does it have unique structures that help it catch its food?
  • What kinds of senses does this organism have? How do they differ from our senses?
  • How does this animal attract mates and reproduce?
  • What characteristics did biologists use to place this animal in a classification (taxonomic) group?
  • What kind(s) of habitat(s) does this animal need to survive?
  • Do people like or dislike this organism? Why or why not?
  • What would happen if this animal disappeared? Would it affect any other plants and animals?

Concept Questions – By Episode

Creatures of the Night

  1. What are some characteristics of nocturnal animals that help them survive?
  2. Where does a horseshoe crab lay its eggs? What are some predators of the eggs?
  3. Why are horseshoe crabs collected?
  4. Why can some snakes be found crossing roads at night?
  5. What are some ways that a click beetle can defend itself?
  6. How can you tell a moth apart from a butterfly?
  7. Why can you hear frogs and toads vocalizing (making noises) at night?
  8. Why are ponds and wetlands important to amphibians like frogs and toads?
  9. What is eyeshine? What is one animal that exhibits eyeshine?
  10. Why can you find alligators in the marsh? Do they live there all the time?

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Fields and Forests

  1. Why are fields important?
  2. What are some different plants and animals you can find in a field?
  3. What are some of the adaptions of green snakes?
  4. Why do fields attract insects?
  5. Where do swallow-tailed kites migrate to? Why are fields important for them?
  6. What percentage of longleaf pine forests remain in the United States? Why do you think that is?
  7. How do rattlesnakes get new buttons on their rattle?
  8. What are some common plants you can find in a maritime forest?
  9. What are some ways you can tell a legless lizard apart from a snake?
  10. Why do pit vipers have elliptical or vertical pupils?

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Lowcountry Predators

Name one characteristic of each of the following animals that makes them predators:

  1. Florida softshell turtle
  2. Eastern kingsnake
  3. Tiger beetle larvae
  4. Shrew
  5. Ant lion
  6. Golden silk spider
  7. Green darner adult AND immature /nymph
  8. Blue crab
  9. Stone crab
  10. Mantis shrimp

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  1. What is the best way to catch a mouse or rat? What kind of bait do you use?
  2. Why are rats, mice and other small mammals important to the ecosystem?
  3. How is a mole designed to live underground?
  4. What can a possum do to protect itself from predators?
  5. Where do bats spend the daytime hours?
  6. What do bats eat? How do they locate their food?
  7. How do most mammals feed their babies?
  8. Why do raccoons dip food in the water?
  9. Do flying squirrels fly or glide?
  10. Why do armadillos have such big claws?

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Port Royal Sound

  1. How was the Port Royal Sound created?
  2. What are some unique traits of the Port Royal Sound?
  3. Why is spartina grass so important to the marsh ecosystem?
  4. Why is feeding dolphins dangerous?
  5. Why are oystercatcher populations in decline?
  6. What makes diamondback terrapins unique compared to other turtles?
  7. What are some adaptations of cobia?
  8. Why can you find cobia in Port Royal Sound?
  9. How many eggs can one female cobia spawn in one year?
  10. Why are oyster rakes beneficial to the marsh ecosystem?

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Reptiles and Amphibians

  1. What is the best way to catch a snapping turtle? What is a great bait?
  2. Name two venomous snakes found in our woods.
  3. What do glossy crayfish feed on?
  4. Why do green anoles change from brown to green?
  5. Where could you find a diamondback terrapin?
  6. Where does the chicken turtle get its name? What do these turtles feed on?
  7. How can you tell that a glass lizard is a lizard and not a snake?
  8. Why do male skinks have such big powerful jaws?
  9. Where do most frogs, toads and salamanders lay their eggs?
  10. Name four different groups of reptiles found in our woods.

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Salt Marsh

  1. What is the only plant that can survive in the deep salt marsh?
  2. Why are the underwater pilings of local docks always covered with lots of animals?
  3. Why do periwinkle snails stay up high on Spartina stalks?
  4. Name two kinds of crabs found in our marsh.
  5. Why do male fiddler crabs have one large claw?
  6. How does a squid move through the water? How does it protect itself?
  7. What mammal loves to eat fiddler crabs?
  8. What happens to Spartina grass after it turns brown and dies back?
  9. Name one edible plant from our salt marsh.
  10. Why is it important to leave a buffer of grasses, shrubs and trees between your yard and the marsh?

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Sharks and Rays

  1. Why is Port Royal Sound different from other aquatic systems?
  2. How can you tell a bonnethead shark apart from a hammerhead shark?
  3. Why do sharks give birth in the Port Royal Sound area?
  4. What are some of the differences between sharks and bony fish?
  5. What is the relationship between the remora fish and sharks?
  6. What are the “spiracles” on a stingray for?
  7. Where the caudal fin on a shark located?
  8. What are the ampullae of Lorenzini used for? Where are they found on a shark?
  9. How do sharks smell?
  10. How can you identify different sharks—what characteristics would you look for?

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Survival Strategies

  1. What are some different ways animals can protect themselves from predators?
  2. What makes snapping shrimp so special?
  3. How do hatchling (baby) turtles protect themselves from predators?
  4. Why do butterflies need a host plant?
  5. How do plants protect themselves from predators?
  6. What are some ways caterpillars protect themselves?
  7. Why are some animals, like the cow killer ant, brightly colored?
  8. What is an adaptation? What is one adaptation of a timber rattlesnake?
  9. What does a hognose snake do when they feel threatened? Why?
  10. Why do corn snakes lay many eggs?

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