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Science Standards

Coastal Kingdom targets K-12 South Carolina State Science Standards. Educators may use these videos as a tool to enhance student learning of scientific inquiry, life, physical, and earth science indicators.

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Organisms

  • Standard K-2: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the characteristics of organisms.
  • Standard 1-2: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the special characteristics and needs of plants that allow them to survive in their own distinct environments.
  • Standard 2-2: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the needs and characteristics of animals as they interact in their own distinct environments.

Habitats

  • Standard 3-2: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the structures, characteristics, and adaptations of organisms that allow them to function and survive within their habitats.
  • Standard 4-2: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the characteristics and patterns of behavior that allow organisms to survive in their own distinct environments

Communities

  • Standard 6-2: The student will demonstrate an understanding of structures, processes, and responses of plants that allow them to survive and reproduce.
  • Standard 6-3: The student will demonstrate an understanding of structures, processes, and responses of animals that allow them to survive and reproduce.
  • Standard 7-4: The student will demonstrate an understanding of how organisms interact with and respond to the biotic and abiotic components of their environment.

Ecosystems

  • Standard 5-2: The student will demonstrate an understanding of relationships among biotic and abiotic factors within terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.
  • Standard 8-2: The student will demonstrate an understanding of Earth’s biological diversity over time.
  • Standard B-3.6: Illustrate the flow of energy through ecosystems (including food chains, food webs, energy pyramids, number pyramids, and biomass pyramids).

Tides, weather, and seasonal changes

  • Standard K-4: The student will demonstrate an understanding of seasonal weather changes.
  • Standard 2-3: The student will demonstrate an understanding of daily and seasonal weather conditions
  • Standard 5-3: The student will demonstrate an understanding of features, processes, and changes in Earth’s land and oceans.

Ecology

  • Standard B-6: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the interrelationships among organisms and the biotic and abiotic components of their environments.
  • Standard B-5: The student will demonstrate an understanding the diversity of life.
  • Standard ES-5: The student will demonstrate an understanding of Earth’s freshwater and ocean systems.
  • Standard ES-6: Students will demonstrate an understanding of the dynamic relationship between Earth’s conditions over geologic time and the diversity of its organisms.

Scientific Inquiry

  • B-1.1: Generate hypotheses based on credible, accurate, and relevant sources of scientific information.
  • B-1.2: Use appropriate laboratory apparatuses, technology, and techniques safely and accurately when conducting a scientific investigation.
  • B-1.3: Use scientific instruments to record measurement data in appropriate metric units that reflect the precision and accuracy of each particular instrument.
  • B-1.4: Design a scientific investigation with appropriate methods of control to test a hypothesis (including independent and dependent variables), and evaluate the designs of sample investigations.
  • B-1.5: Organize and interpret the data from a controlled scientific investigation by using mathematics, graphs, models, and/or technology.
  • B-1.6: Evaluate the results of a controlled scientific investigation in terms of whether they refute or verify the hypothesis.
  • B-1.7: Evaluate a technological design or product on the basis of designated criteria (including cost, time, and materials).
  • B-1.8: Compare the processes of scientific investigation and technological design.
  • B-1.9: Use appropriate safety procedures when conducting investigations.

Ocean Literacy Standards

Essential Principles and Fundamental Concepts

1. The Earth has one big ocean with many features.

g. The ocean is connected to major lakes, watersheds and waterways because all major watersheds on Earth drain to the ocean. Rivers and streams transport nutrients, salts, sediments and pollutants from watersheds to estuaries and the ocean.

2. The ocean and life in the ocean shape the features of the Earth.

c. Erosion – the wearing away of rock, soil, and other biotic and abiotic earth materials – occurs in coastal areas as wind, waves, and currents in rivers and the ocean move sediments.

d. Sand consists of tiny bits of animals, plants, rocks and minerals. Most beach sand is eroded from land sources and carried to the coast by rivers, but sand is also eroded from coastal sources by surf. Sand is redistributed by waves and coastal currents seasonally.

5. The ocean supports a great diversity of life and ecosystems.

a. Ocean life ranges in size from the smallest virus to the largest animal that has lived on Earth, the blue whale.

d. Ocean biology provides many unique examples of life cycles, adaptations and important relationships among organisms (symbiosis, predator-prey dynamics and energy transfer) that do not occur on land.

e. The ocean is three-dimensional, offering vast living space and diverse habitats from the surface through the water column to the seafloor. Most of the living space on Earth is in the ocean.

f. Ocean habitats are defined by environmental factors. Due to interactions of abiotic factors such as salinity, temperature, oxygen, pH, light, nutrients, pressure, substrate and circulation, ocean life is not evenly distributed temporally or spatially, i.e., it is "patchy". Some regions of the ocean support more diverse and abundant life than anywhere on Earth, while much of the ocean is considered a desert.

h. Tides, waves and predation cause vertical zonation patterns along the shore, influencing the distribution and diversity of organisms.

i. Estuaries provide important and productive nursery areas for many marine and aquatic species.


These standards are applied in the following Coastal Kingdom episodes: